The proposed new act can be considered the beginning of positive and much anticipated changes. Polish higher education is in a serious long-term crisis. There is can be no doubt that we are witnessing a multi-faceted problem that has a significantly negative impact on the condition of the Polish economy. Hard data, such as the places of our universities in the prestigious Shanghai Ranking, only prove how dire the situation is. Among the 500 best universities in the world, there are only two Polish institutions – the University of Warsaw and the Jagiellonian University.